The Arabian Canal will be the largest infrastructure project in the world. Planned as a 75 kilometer (47 miles) waterway, the Canal will provide a special amenity for inland inhabitants. Flanked on both sides by a broad corridor of mixed development, Arabian Canal brings water inland from the Arabian Gulf into the deserts of Dubai. A hierarchy of places drapes the landscape, from high-density urban centers along the Grand Canal to smaller towns and villages in the areas beyond. A system of secondary canals radiates away from the main waterway, yielding a more temperate microclimate to surrounding neighborhoods. Large architectural canopies shade the streets from the hot desert sun, enhancing the plan’s pedestrian environment.
The canal will function as a navigable sea level waterway, providing a new arena for tourism and recreational boating. A tightly-woven network of roadways and transit will link a diverse range of communities and open spaces, with parks and public plazas, wetlands, 'wadi' trails, and riparian corridors. Energy, water and waste systems will be integrated and mutually beneficial, with typically wasted resources transformed into valuable inputs for re-use. Sustainability practices include solar photovoltaics, cogeneration, solar heating, and distributed wastewater treatment, with particular focus on water demand reduction.