Chenggong New Town
Chenggong is being planned as the future administrative and employment center for the Greater Kunming region and will be the first planned ‘Low-Carbon City’ in the region. Designed for a population of 1.5 million people, the concept plan for the new town features a series of inter-connected, compact, transit-served communities with a healthy balance of housing and jobs. The new town will have a hierarchy of mixed-use Urban, Town and Village Centers that will vary in density based on location and ease of access, both by car and transit. A robust transit network has been planned for the new town, comprising of BRT and an underground Metro as well as High Speed Rail.
The design of the new town is also a significant departure from the standard ‘Superblock System’ currently followed in China. It will have an alternate ‘Urban Network’ of human-scaled streets and blocks, thereby adapting the pedestrian scale of traditional settlements to contemporary city living. This alternate network of small blocks and narrower streets provides tangible benefits for the pedestrian, for transit systems and also the private automobile. A comprehensive open space system will connect prominent green belts, parks and playgrounds; often linked through auto-free streets to create a safe and enjoyable circulation system for pedestrian and bike traffic. All existing waterways have been preserved, and civic amenities have been located in proximity to parks and plazas.
The proposed Master Plan for Chenggong capitalizes on the substantial transit and other infrastructure investments being made and aims to direct growth following design principles developed in the context of China’s unique urban conditions.