Transit Oriented Development in China - A Manual of Land-use and Transportation for Low Carbon Cities
By Peter Calthorpe, Baojun Yang and Quan Zhang
As China continues its impressive economic growth, unprecedented numbers of its citizens are migrating to cities, seeking greater job opportunities, income, and a higher quality of life. Car ownership is on the rise, and China has already passed the United States as the largest car market in the world. Similar to U.S. cities in the 1950s and 60s, Chinese cities are working to accommodate the explosive growth of automobile travel by building highways, ring roads, and parking lots. However, due to China’s high population density, the problems of private-car-oriented transportation are much more acute than in the lower density cities of the West. The reality is that high-density cities cannot be designed around the car. It simply won’t work.
China as one the world’s great emerging economies is at a critical juncture in its history. Its urban population is projected to grow by 300 million by 2025. Choices made now will have an immense impact on the long-term viability and energy efficiency of its cities. China has to choose - creating cities that are livable, efficient and environment friendly through a new approach; or a continuation of outdated planning ideas that reinforce auto use, reduce quality of life for the pedestrian, isolate residential communities, and compromises the environment. With the standards and practices presented in this book, Chinese decision makers can leapfrog over some of the world’s urban planning mistakes and establish a new paradigm for the cities of the future.